Mathematics Math`e*mat"ics, n. [F. math['e]matiques, pl., L. mathematica, sing., Gr. ? (sc. ?) science. See {Mathematic}, and {-ics}.] That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of the methods by which, in accordance with these relations, quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative relations. [1913 Webster]

Note: Mathematics embraces three departments, namely: 1. {Arithmetic}. 2. {Geometry}, including {Trigonometry} and {Conic Sections}. 3. {Analysis}, in which letters are used, including {Algebra}, {Analytical Geometry}, and {Calculus}. Each of these divisions is divided into pure or abstract, which considers magnitude or quantity abstractly, without relation to matter; and mixed or applied, which treats of magnitude as subsisting in material bodies, and is consequently interwoven with physical considerations. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


См. также в других словарях:

  • Arithmetic — tables for children, Lausanne, 1835 Arithmetic or arithmetics (from the Greek word ἀριθμός, arithmos “number”) is the oldest and most elementary branch of mathematics, used b …   Wikipedia

  • Arithmetic — A*rith me*tic, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ? to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See {Arm}. The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • arithmetic — [ə rith′mə tik; ] for adj. [, ar΄ith met′ik, er΄ith met′ik] n. [ME arsmetrike < OFr arismetrique (infl. in form by L ars metrica, the art of measurement) < L arithmetica < Gr ( hē) arithmētikē (technē), (the) counting (art) <… …   English World dictionary

  • arithmetic — ► NOUN 1) the branch of mathematics concerned with the properties and manipulation of numbers. 2) the use of numbers in counting and calculation. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to arithmetic. DERIVATIVES arithmetical adjective arithmetically adverb… …   English terms dictionary

  • arithmetic — (n.) mid 13c., arsmetike, from O.Fr. arsmetique (12c.), from L. arithmetica, from Gk. arithmetike (tekhne) (the) counting (art), fem. of arithmetikos of or for reckoning, arithmetical, from arithmos number, counting, amount, from PIE root *re(i)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • arithmetic — [n] mathematics addition, calculation, computation, division, estimation, figuring, multiplication, reckoning, subtraction; concepts 349,764 …   New thesaurus

  • arithmetic — arithmetically, adv. n. /euh rith meuh tik/; adj. /ar ith met ik/, n. 1. the method or process of computation with figures: the most elementary branch of mathematics. 2. Also called higher arithmetic, theoretical arithmetic. the theory of… …   Universalium

  • arithmetic — (The noun is pronounced [[t]ərɪ̱θmɪtɪk[/t]]. The adjective is pronounced [[t]æ̱rɪθme̱tɪk[/t]].) 1) N UNCOUNT Arithmetic is the part of mathematics that is concerned with the addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of numbers.… …   English dictionary

  • arithmetic — ar|ith|met|ic1 [ ə rıθmətık ] noun uncount * 1. ) the part of mathematics that involves basic calculations such as adding or multiplying numbers: He s very good at arithmetic. 2. ) the process of doing a calculation: I m not sure my arithmetic is …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • arithmetic — I UK [əˈrɪθmətɪk] / US noun [uncountable] * 1) the part of mathematics that involves basic calculations such as adding or multiplying numbers He s very good at arithmetic. 2) the process of doing a calculation I m not sure my arithmetic is… …   English dictionary

  • arithmetic — n. & adj. n. 1 a the science of numbers. b one s knowledge of this (have improved my arithmetic). 2 the use of numbers; computation (a problem involving arithmetic). adj. (also arithmetical) of or concerning arithmetic. Phrases and idioms:… …   Useful english dictionary

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