- Arithmetical complement of a number
- Complement Com"ple*ment, n. [L. complementun: cf. F.
compl['e]ment. See {Complete}, v. t., and cf. {Compliment}.]
1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number
required to fill a thing or make it complete.
[1913 Webster]
2. That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to complete a symmetrical whole. [1913 Webster]

History is the complement of poetry. --Sir J. Stephen. [1913 Webster]

3. Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set; completeness. [1913 Webster]

To exceed his complement and number appointed him which was one hundred and twenty persons. --Hakluyt. [1913 Webster]

4. (Math.) A second quantity added to a given quantity to make it equal to a third given quantity. [1913 Webster]

5. Something added for ornamentation; an accessory. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Without vain art or curious complements. --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

6. (Naut.) The whole working force of a vessel. [1913 Webster]

7. (Mus.) The interval wanting to complete the octave; -- the fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the third. [1913 Webster]

8. A compliment. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster]

{Arithmetical compliment of a logarithm}. See under {Logarithm}.

{Arithmetical complement of a number} (Math.), the difference between that number and the next higher power of 10; as, 4 is the complement of 6, and 16 of 84.

{Complement of an arc} or {Complement of an angle} (Geom.), the difference between that arc or angle and 90[deg].

{Complement of a parallelogram}. (Math.) See {Gnomon}.

{In her complement} (Her.), said of the moon when represented as full. [1913 Webster]

*The Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
2000.*

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**Arithmetical complement of a logarithm**— Logarithm Log a*rithm (l[o^]g [.a]*r[i^][th] m), n. [Gr. lo gos word, account, proportion + ariqmo s number: cf. F. logarithme.] (Math.) One of a class of auxiliary numbers, devised by John Napier, of Merchiston, Scotland (1550 1617), to abridge… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English**Arithmetical compliment of a logarithm**— Complement Com ple*ment, n. [L. complementun: cf. F. compl[ e]ment. See {Complete}, v. t., and cf. {Compliment}.] 1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete. [1913 Webster] 2. That… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English**Complement**— Com ple*ment, n. [L. complementun: cf. F. compl[ e]ment. See {Complete}, v. t., and cf. {Compliment}.] 1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete. [1913 Webster] 2. That which is… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English**Complement of a parallelogram**— Complement Com ple*ment, n. [L. complementun: cf. F. compl[ e]ment. See {Complete}, v. t., and cf. {Compliment}.] 1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete. [1913 Webster] 2. That… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English**Complement of an angle**— Complement Com ple*ment, n. [L. complementun: cf. F. compl[ e]ment. See {Complete}, v. t., and cf. {Compliment}.] 1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete. [1913 Webster] 2. That… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English**Complement of an arc**— Complement Com ple*ment, n. [L. complementun: cf. F. compl[ e]ment. See {Complete}, v. t., and cf. {Compliment}.] 1. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete. [1913 Webster] 2. That… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English**Arithmetical hierarchy**— In mathematical logic, the arithmetical hierarchy, arithmetic hierarchy or Kleene hierarchy classifies certain sets based on the complexity of formulas that define them. Any set that receives a classification is called arithmetical. The… … Wikipedia**Arithmetical set**— In mathematical logic, an arithmetical set (or arithmetic set) is a set of natural numbers that can be defined by a formula of first order Peano arithmetic. The arithmetical sets are classified by the arithmetical hierarchy.A function f:subseteq… … Wikipedia**Number**— (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Number >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 number number symbol numeral figure cipher digit integer Sgm: N 1 counter counter Sgm: N 1 round number round number Sgm: N 1 formula … English dictionary for students**Number**— For other uses, see Numbers (disambiguation). A number is a mathematical object used to count and measure. In mathematics, the definition of number has been extended over the years to include such numbers as zero, negative numbers, rational… … Wikipedia