Model Mod"el, n. [F. mod[`e]le, It. modello, fr. (assumed) L. modellus, fr. modulus a small measure, dim. of modus. See {Mode}, and cf. {Module}.] 1. A miniature representation of a thing, with the several parts in due proportion; sometimes, a facsimile of the same size; as, a [frac1x100] scale model of the B-52 bomber. [1913 Webster]

In charts, in maps, and eke in models made. --Gascoigne. [1913 Webster]

I had my father's signet in my purse, Which was the model of that Danish seal. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

You have the models of several ancient temples, though the temples and the gods are perished. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

2. Something intended to serve, or that may serve, as a pattern of something to be made; a material representation or embodiment of an ideal; sometimes, a drawing; a plan; as, the clay model of a sculpture; the inventor's model of a machine. [1913 Webster]

[The application for a patent] must be accompanied by a full description of the invention, with drawings and a model where the case admits of it. --Am. Cyc. [1913 Webster]

When we mean to build We first survey the plot, then draw the model. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

3. Anything which serves, or may serve, as an example for imitation; as, a government formed on the model of the American constitution; a model of eloquence, virtue, or behavior. [1913 Webster]

4. That by which a thing is to be measured; standard. [1913 Webster]

He that despairs measures Providence by his own little, contracted model. --South. [1913 Webster]

5. Any copy, or resemblance, more or less exact. [1913 Webster]

Thou seest thy wretched brother die, Who was the model of thy father's life. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

6. A person who poses as a pattern for an artist; as, the artist used his daughter as a model for an Indian maiden. [1913 Webster +PJC]

7. A person who is employed to wear clothing for the purpose of advertising or display, or who poses with a product for the same purpose; a mannequin[1]; as, a fashion model.

Syn: mannequin[1]. [PJC]

A professional model. --H. James. [1913 Webster]

8. A particular version or design of an object that is made in multiple versions; as, the 1993 model of the Honda Accord; the latest model of the HP laserjet printer. For many manufactured products, the model name is encoded as part of the

{model number}.

Syn: modification[2]. [PJC]

9. An abstract and often simplified conceptual representation of the workings of a system of objects in the real world, which often includes mathematical or logical objects and relations representing the objects and relations in the real-world system, and constructed for the purpose of explaining the workings of the system or predicting its behavior under hypothetical conditions; as, the administration's model of the United States economy predicts budget surpluses for the next fifteen years; different models of the universe assume different values for the cosmological constant; models of proton structure have grown progressively more complex in the past century. [PJC]

{Working model}, a model of a machine which can do on a small scale the work which the machine itself does, or is expected to do. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.


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