Oxidize Ox"i*dize ([o^]ks"[i^]*d[imac]z), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Oxidized} ([o^]ks"[i^]*d[imac]zd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Oxidizing}.] (Chem.) To combine with oxygen, or subject to the action of oxygen, or of an oxidizing agent. Specifically: (a) To combine with oxygen or with more oxygen; to add oxygen to; as, to oxidize nitrous acid so as to form nitric acid. (b) To remove hydrogen from (anything), as by the action of oxygen; as, to oxidize alcohol so as to form aldehyde. (c) To subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride. [1913 Webster]

Note: In certain cases to oxidize is identical with to acidify; for, in nearly all cases, the more oxygen a substance contains the more nearly does it approximate to acid qualities; thus, by oxidation many elements, as sulphur, nitrogen, carbon, chromium, manganese, etc., pass into compounds which are acid anhydrides, and thus practically in the acid state. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

См. также в других словарях:

  • oxidized — adj. combined with or having undergone a chemical reaction with oxygen; as, the oxidized form of iodine. Syn: oxidised. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • oxidized — (Amer.) É‘ksɪdaɪzd / É’k adj. united with oxygen; be united with oxygen; having gone through a chemical reaction with oxygen (also oxidised) oxidize (Amer.) ox·i·dize || É‘sɪdaɪz / É’k v. add oxygen to, unite with oxygen (e.g. burn); be… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • oxidized — adjective combined with or having undergone a chemical reaction with oxygen the oxidized form of iodine • Syn: ↑oxidised • Participle of verb: ↑oxidise (for: ↑oxidised), ↑oxidize …   Useful english dictionary

  • oxidized — adjective That has reacted with oxygen, or been modified by oxidation …   Wiktionary

  • Oxidized cellulose — Clinical data Pregnancy cat.  ? Legal status  ? Identifiers ATC code B02 …   Wikipedia

  • oxidized cellulose — n an acid degradation product of cellulose that is usu. obtained by oxidizing cotton or gauze with nitrogen dioxide, is a useful hemostatic (as in surgery), and is absorbed by body fluids (as when used to pack wounds) * * * [USP] cellulose… …   Medical dictionary

  • Oxidized steel surface — Oxidized steel surface. См. Цвета побежалости. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • oxidized oil — oksiduotasis aliejus statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Aliejus, iš dalies oksiduotas kaitinant ir pučiant orą. atitikmenys: angl. blown oil; oxidized oil rus. окисленное масло; продутое масло …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • oxidized form — oksiduotoji forma statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Reduktoriaus oksidacijos produktas. atitikmenys: angl. oxidized form rus. окисная форма …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Oxidized developer — Окисленный проявитель …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

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