Political arithmetic

Political arithmetic
Arithmetic A*rith"me*tic, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ? to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See {Arm}. The modern Eng. and French forms are accommodated to the Greek.] 1. The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures. [1913 Webster]

2. A book containing the principles of this science. [1913 Webster]

{Arithmetic of sines}, trigonometry.

{Political arithmetic}, the application of the science of numbers to problems in civil government, political economy, and social science.

{Universal arithmetic}, the name given by Sir Isaac Newton to algebra. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.