bacteriophage


bacteriophage
bacteriophage acteriophage n. sing. & pl. a virus which infects bacteria; -- also colloquially called {phage} in laboratory jargon.

Note: Bacteriophages are of many varieties, generally specific for one or a narrow range of bacterial species, and almost every bacterium is susceptible to at least one bacteriophage. They may have DNA or RNA as their genetic component. Certain types of bacteriophage, called

{temperate bacteriophage}, may infect but not kill their host bacteria, residing in and replicating either as a plasmid or integrated into the host genome. Under certain conditions, a resident temperate phage may become induced to multiply rapidly and vegetatively, killing and lysing its host bacterium, and producing multiple progeny. The {lambda phage} of {Eschericia coli}, much studied in biochemical and genetic research, is of the temperate type. [PJC]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bacteriophage — Bactériophage Un bactériophage (ou phage) est un virus n infectant que des bactéries. En grec, phageton signifie nourriture/consommation. On les appelle également virus bactériens. Ce sont des outils fondamentaux de recherche et d étude en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bactériophage — [ bakterjɔfaʒ ] n. m. • 1918; de bactério et phage ♦ Biol. Virus à A. R. N. ou A. D. N. qui infecte des bactéries et provoque leur lyse. ⇒ phage. Adj. Des virus bactériophages. ● bactériophage nom masculin Virus infectant exclusivement les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • bacteriophage — 1921, from Fr. bactériophage (1917), from bacterio , comb. form of BACTERIA (Cf. bacteria) + phage (see PHAGOUS (Cf. phagous)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • bacteriophage — bacteriophage. См. фаги. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • bacteriophage —  Bacteriophage  (Phage)  Бактериофаг (фаг)   Вирус, избирательно поражающий бактериальные клетки. Были первыми организмами, использовавшимися для исследований в области молекулярной генетики, а в настоящее время широко применяются в качестве… …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • bacteriophage — [bak tir′ē ə fāj΄] n. [ BACTERIO + PHAGE] any virus that infects bacteria …   English World dictionary

  • Bacteriophage — This article is about a biological infectious particle; for other uses, see phage (disambiguation). A bacteriophage (from bacteria and Greek φάγειν phagein to eat ) is any one of a number of viruses that infect bacteria. The term is commonly used …   Wikipedia

  • bacteriophage — bacteriophagic /bak tear ee euh faj ik, fay jik/, bacteriophagous /bak tear ee of euh geuhs/, adj. bacteriophagy /bak tear ee of euh jee/, n. /bak tear ee euh fayj /, n. any of a group of viruses that infect specific bacteria, usually causing… …   Universalium

  • Bactériophage — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : FAGE. Un bactériophage (ou phage) est un virus n infectant que des bactéries. En grec, phageton signifie nourriture/consommation. On les appelle également virus bactériens. Ce sont des outils… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bactériophage T5 — Le bactériophage T5 est un virus caudé appartenant à la famille des Syphoviridae. Il possède donc une queue longue non contractile. C est un phage lytique qui infecte Escherichia coli. Il est constitué d’une capside icosaédrique contenant son… …   Wikipédia en Français


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