- base pair
- base pair ase" pair` (b[=a]s" p[^a]r`), n. (Biochemistry, Genetics) a unit of double-stranded DNA or RNA consisting of two complementary bases on opposing strands of the double-stranded polynucleotide, bound together by hydrogen bonds and other non-covalent chemical forces. The bases comprising the base pairs are adenine, thymine, cytidine, and guanine. In normal DNA, the base adenine on one strand of DNA pairs with thymine on the opposite strand, and cytosine on one strand pairs with guanine on the opposite strand. The term base pair usually includes the sugar (ribose or deoxyribose) and the phosphate bound to each base to form a nucleotide unit. One base pair is sometimes used as a unit of length or size for DNA, and in this usage is abbreviated bp; as, a 100-bp fragment of DNA. A length of 1000 base pairs is a kilobase pair or kbp. [PJC]
The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.
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base pair — n. a pair of bases consisting of the pyrimidine base of one nucleotide joined by a hydrogen bond to the complementary purine base of another nucleotide: such pairs form the links between the two strands of DNA and of double stranded RNA … English World dictionary
base pair — base pair. См. пара нуклеотидов. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) … Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.
base pair — base′ pair′ n. biochem. gen any two of the nucleotide bases that readily form weak bonds with each other, bringing together strands of DNA or RNA and linking codons with anticodons during translation of the genetic code … From formal English to slang
base pair — Base Pair Комплементарная пара оснований Два нуклеотида в молекуле РНК или ДНК, спаренные за счет водородных связей, образующихся между нуклеооснованиями, например, гуанин (G) с цитозином (С) и аденин (A) с тимином (T) или урацилом (U) … Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.
Base pair — In molecular biology and genetics, the linking between two nitrogenous bases on opposite complementary DNA or certain types of RNA strands that are connected via hydrogen bonds is called a base pair (often abbreviated bp). In the canonical Watson … Wikipedia
Base pair — Two DNA bases complementary to one another (A and T or G and C) that join the complementary strands of DNA to form the double helix characteristic of DNA. * * * base pair pa(ə)r, pe(ə)r n one of the pairs of nucleotide bases on complementary… … Medical dictionary
base-pair — intransitive verb Date: 1973 to participate in formation of a base pair < adenine base pairs with thymine > … New Collegiate Dictionary
base pair — Abbreviation: bp The two separate strands of a nucleic acid double helix are held together by specific hydrogen bonding between a purine and a pyrimidine, one from each strand. The base A pairs with T in DNA (with U in RNA); while G pairs with C… … Glossary of Biotechnology
base pair — noun one of the pairs of chemical bases joined by hydrogen bonds that connect the complementary strands of a DNA molecule or of an RNA molecule that has two strands; the base pairs are adenine with thymine and guanine with cytosine in DNA and… … Useful english dictionary
base pair — noun Biochemistry a pair of complementary bases on opposite strands of a double stranded nucleic acid molecule, consisting of adenine pairs with thymine or uracil and cytosine pairs with guanine … English new terms dictionary