To burn down

To burn down
Burn Burn (b[^u]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Burned} (b[^u]rnd) or {Burnt} (b[^u]rnt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Burning}.] [OE. bernen, brennen, v. t., early confused with beornen, birnen, v. i., AS. b[ae]rnan, bernan, v. t., birnan, v. i.; akin to OS. brinnan, OFries. barna, berna, OHG. brinnan, brennan, G. brennen, OD. bernen, D. branden, Dan. br[ae]nde, Sw. br["a]nna, brinna, Icel. brenna, Goth. brinnan, brannjan (in comp.), and possibly to E. fervent.] 1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. ``We'll burn his body in the holy place.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass. [1913 Webster]

3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime. [1913 Webster]

4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block. [1913 Webster]

5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper. [1913 Webster]

This tyrant fever burns me up. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the ??ass as fire. --Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21. [1913 Webster]

6. (Surg.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize. [1913 Webster]

7. (Chem.) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen. [1913 Webster]

{To burn}, {To burn together}, as two surfaces of metal (Engin.), to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.

{To burn a bowl} (Game of Bowls), to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned.

{To burn daylight}, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. --Shak.

{To burn one's fingers}, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.

{To burn out}, (a) to destroy or obliterate by burning. ``Must you with hot irons burn out mine eyes?'' --Shak. (b) to force (people) to flee by burning their homes or places of business; as, the rioters burned out the Chinese businessmen.

{To be burned out}, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.

{To burn up}, {To burn down}, to burn entirely. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

См. также в других словарях:

  • burn down — {v. phr.} To burn to the ground; be totally gutted by fire. * /The old frame house burned down before the firefighters could get to it./ …   Dictionary of American idioms

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  • Burn down chart — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Un ejemplo de un diagrama burn down para una iteración completa, que muestra la serie temporal del esfuerzo y tareas restantes para cada uno de los 21 días hábiles de una iteración de un mes. Un diagrama burn down o… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Burn Down the Mission — is the tenth and final song on Elton John s album Tumbleweed Connection , released in 1970. It is one of John s longer works, being 6 minutes 21 seconds in duration. Song Structure Burn Down the Mission is musically driven by the story told by… …   Wikipedia

  • burn down — verb 1. burn completely; be consumed or destroyed by fire (Freq. 3) The hut burned down The mountain of paper went up in flames • Syn: ↑burn up, ↑go up • Hypernyms: ↑burn, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • burn down — phrasal verb Word forms burn down : present tense I/you/we/they burn down he/she/it burns down present participle burning down past tense burned down or burnt down past participle burned down or burnt down 1) [intransitive/transitive] to destroy… …   English dictionary

  • burn down — verb a) To cause (a structure) to burn to nothing. The police are hoping to find the people who burned down the cottage. b) To completely burn, so that nothing remains. A fire which started in the bedroom caused the cottage to burn down …   Wiktionary

  • Burn down chart — A burn down chart is graphical representation of work left to do vs. time. The outstanding work (or backlog) is often on the vertical axis, with time along the horizontal. It is useful for predicting when all of the work will be completed. It is… …   Wikipedia

  • burn down — phr verb Burn down is used with these nouns as the subject: ↑house, ↑mob …   Collocations dictionary

  • burn down — burn completely (usually used for buildings) The neighbor s house burnt down completely during the night …   Idioms and examples

  • burn down — burn to the ground, burn completely; destroy …   English contemporary dictionary

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