To burn out

To burn out
Burn Burn (b[^u]rn), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Burned} (b[^u]rnd) or {Burnt} (b[^u]rnt); p. pr. & vb. n. {Burning}.] [OE. bernen, brennen, v. t., early confused with beornen, birnen, v. i., AS. b[ae]rnan, bernan, v. t., birnan, v. i.; akin to OS. brinnan, OFries. barna, berna, OHG. brinnan, brennan, G. brennen, OD. bernen, D. branden, Dan. br[ae]nde, Sw. br["a]nna, brinna, Icel. brenna, Goth. brinnan, brannjan (in comp.), and possibly to E. fervent.] 1. To consume with fire; to reduce to ashes by the action of heat or fire; -- frequently intensified by up: as, to burn up wood. ``We'll burn his body in the holy place.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster]

2. To injure by fire or heat; to change destructively some property or properties of, by undue exposure to fire or heat; to scorch; to scald; to blister; to singe; to char; to sear; as, to burn steel in forging; to burn one's face in the sun; the sun burns the grass. [1913 Webster]

3. To perfect or improve by fire or heat; to submit to the action of fire or heat for some economic purpose; to destroy or change some property or properties of, by exposure to fire or heat in due degree for obtaining a desired residuum, product, or effect; to bake; as, to burn clay in making bricks or pottery; to burn wood so as to produce charcoal; to burn limestone for the lime. [1913 Webster]

4. To make or produce, as an effect or result, by the application of fire or heat; as, to burn a hole; to burn charcoal; to burn letters into a block. [1913 Webster]

5. To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does; as, to burn the mouth with pepper. [1913 Webster]

This tyrant fever burns me up. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

This dry sorrow burns up all my tears. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

When the cold north wind bloweth, . . . it devoureth the mountains, and burneth the wilderness, and consumeth the ??ass as fire. --Ecclus. xliii. 20, 21. [1913 Webster]

6. (Surg.) To apply a cautery to; to cauterize. [1913 Webster]

7. (Chem.) To cause to combine with oxygen or other active agent, with evolution of heat; to consume; to oxidize; as, a man burns a certain amount of carbon at each respiration; to burn iron in oxygen. [1913 Webster]

{To burn}, {To burn together}, as two surfaces of metal (Engin.), to fuse and unite them by pouring over them a quantity of the same metal in a liquid state.

{To burn a bowl} (Game of Bowls), to displace it accidentally, the bowl so displaced being said to be burned.

{To burn daylight}, to light candles before it is dark; to waste time; to perform superfluous actions. --Shak.

{To burn one's fingers}, to get one's self into unexpected trouble, as by interfering the concerns of others, speculation, etc.

{To burn out}, (a) to destroy or obliterate by burning. ``Must you with hot irons burn out mine eyes?'' --Shak. (b) to force (people) to flee by burning their homes or places of business; as, the rioters burned out the Chinese businessmen.

{To be burned out}, to suffer loss by fire, as the burning of one's house, store, or shop, with the contents.

{To burn up}, {To burn down}, to burn entirely. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Burn-out — auch: Burn|out 〈[bœ:naʊt] n. 15〉 1. Brennschluss bei Raketen 2. durch unzureichende Kühlung bewirktes Durchschmelzen der Hüllrohre von Brennelementen in Kernreaktoren 3. 〈kurz für〉 Burn out Syndrom [<engl. burn „brennen“ + out „aus“] * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Burn-out-Syndrom — Burn out Syn|drom auch: Burn|out Syn|drom 〈[bœ:naʊt ] n. 11; Psych.〉 Zustand andauernder Erschöpfung aufgrund körperlicher, geistiger u. seelischer Überanstrengung (durch Beruf, Familie u. a.) [<engl. burn out „verausgaben“ + Syndrom] * * *… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Burn-out — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El síndrome de burn out o síndrome del trabajador quemado es un tipo de estrés prolongado motivado por la sensación que produce la realización de esfuerzos que no se ven compensados personalmente. Se suele dar en… …   Wikipedia Español

  • burn out — urn out v. i. 1. To burn till the fuel is exhausted; as, when the candle burned out the room was totally dark; the firefighters couldn t control the oil tank fire and had to let it burn out by itself. [1913 Webster +PJC] 2. To stop functioning… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Burn-out — Burn out, auch Burn|out [ bə:naut, bə:n aut] das; s, s <zu engl. to burn out »ausbrennen«>: 1. a) Brennschluss; Zeitpunkt, in dem das Triebwerk einer Rakete abgeschaltet wird u. der antriebslose Flug beginnt; b) svw. ↑Flame out. 2. das… …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Burn-out — auch: Burn|out 〈[bœ:naʊt] n.; Gen.: od. s; Pl.: unz.〉 1. Brennschluss bei Raketen 2. durch unzureichende Kühlung bewirktes Durchschmelzen der Hüllrohre von Brennelementen in Kernreaktoren [Etym.: <engl. burn »brennen« + out »aus«] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • burn out someone — burn out (someone) to stop being effective because of too much work or stress. Most of these people will burn out within 10 years and be replaced by younger employees who don t mind working nights, weekends, and holidays. This work burns me out… …   New idioms dictionary

  • burn out — (someone) to stop being effective because of too much work or stress. Most of these people will burn out within 10 years and be replaced by younger employees who don t mind working nights, weekends, and holidays. This work burns me out so much… …   New idioms dictionary

  • burn out something — burn out (something) to stop working because of damage. The new motor burned out because they used the wrong type of oil. Usage notes: usually said about a motor or engine Etymology: based on the literal meaning of burn out (= to stop producing a …   New idioms dictionary

  • burn out — (something) to stop working because of damage. The new motor burned out because they used the wrong type of oil. Usage notes: usually said about a motor or engine Etymology: based on the literal meaning of burn out (= to stop producing a flame) …   New idioms dictionary

  • burn|out — «BURN OWT», noun. 1. a failure due to burning or extreme heat. 2. Aerospace. a) the extinguishing of the flame in a rocket engine because fuel is exhausted or shut off according to plan. b) the time at which this event occurs. c) the point in the …   Useful english dictionary


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