# Universal arithmetic

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Universal arithmetic
Arithmetic A*rith"me*tic, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ? to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See {Arm}. The modern Eng. and French forms are accommodated to the Greek.] 1. The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures. [1913 Webster]

2. A book containing the principles of this science. [1913 Webster]

{Arithmetic of sines}, trigonometry.

{Political arithmetic}, the application of the science of numbers to problems in civil government, political economy, and social science.

{Universal arithmetic}, the name given by Sir Isaac Newton to algebra. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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• Arithmetic — A*rith me*tic, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ? to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See {Arm}. The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• Arithmetic of sines — Arithmetic A*rith me*tic, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ? to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• Universal code (data compression) — In data compression, a universal code for integers is a prefix code that maps the positive integers onto binary codewords, with the additional property that whatever the true probability distribution on integers, as long as the distribution is… …   Wikipedia

• arithmetic — Synonyms and related words: Boolean algebra, Euclidean geometry, Fourier analysis, Lagrangian function, algebra, algebraic geometry, analysis, analytic geometry, associative algebra, binary arithmetic, calculation, calculus, ciphering, circle… …   Moby Thesaurus

• Universal Fighting System — Infobox Game | subject name= Universal Fighting System image link= image caption = designer= Ryan Miller publisher= Fantasy Flight Games players= 2 ages= 10+ setup time= < 3 minutes playing time= 25 minutes complexity= High strategy= High random… …   Wikipedia

• Universal Automatic Calculator — Der Universal Automatic Calculator oder UNIVAC (nach anderen Quellen Universal Automatic Computer) ist ein Computer aus dem Jahr 1951, der von J. Presper Eckert und John W. Mauchly (beide aus der ENIAC Gruppe) konstruiert wurde. Der UNIVAC nutzte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

• Political arithmetic — Arithmetic A*rith me*tic, n. [OE. arsmetike, OF. arismetique, L. arithmetica, fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?), fr. ? arithmetical, fr. ? to number, fr. ? number, prob. fr. same root as E. arm, the idea of counting coming from that of fitting, attaching. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

• Second-order arithmetic — In mathematical logic, second order arithmetic is a collection of axiomatic systems that formalize the natural numbers and sets thereof. It is an alternative to axiomatic set theory as a foundation for much, but not all, of mathematics. The… …   Wikipedia

• Greek arithmetic, geometry and harmonics: Thales to Plato — Ian Mueller INTRODUCTION: PROCLUS’ HISTORY OF GEOMETRY In a famous passage in Book VII of the Republic starting at Socrates proposes to inquire about the studies (mathēmata) needed to train the young people who will become leaders of the ideal… …   History of philosophy

• Affine arithmetic — (AA) is a model for self validated numerical analysis. In AA, the quantities of interest are represented as affine combinations (affine forms) of certain primitive variables, which stand for sources of uncertainty in the data or approximations… …   Wikipedia