Wave theory

Wave theory
Wave Wave, n. [From {Wave}, v.; not the same word as OE. wawe, waghe, a wave, which is akin to E. wag to move. [root]138. See {Wave}, v. i.] [1913 Webster] 1. An advancing ridge or swell on the surface of a liquid, as of the sea, resulting from the oscillatory motion of the particles composing it when disturbed by any force their position of rest; an undulation. [1913 Webster]

The wave behind impels the wave before. --Pope. [1913 Webster]

2. (Physics) A vibration propagated from particle to particle through a body or elastic medium, as in the transmission of sound; an assemblage of vibrating molecules in all phases of a vibration, with no phase repeated; a wave of vibration; an undulation. See {Undulation}. [1913 Webster]

3. Water; a body of water. [Poetic] ``Deep drank Lord Marmion of the wave.'' --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster]

Build a ship to save thee from the flood, I 'll furnish thee with fresh wave, bread, and wine. --Chapman. [1913 Webster]

4. Unevenness; inequality of surface. --Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster]

5. A waving or undulating motion; a signal made with the hand, a flag, etc. [1913 Webster]

6. The undulating line or streak of luster on cloth watered, or calendered, or on damask steel. [1913 Webster]

7. Something resembling or likened to a water wave, as in rising unusually high, in being of unusual extent, or in progressive motion; a swelling or excitement, as of feeling or energy; a tide; flood; period of intensity, usual activity, or the like; as, a wave of enthusiasm; waves of applause. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

{Wave front} (Physics), the surface of initial displacement of the particles in a medium, as a wave of vibration advances.

{Wave length} (Physics), the space, reckoned in the direction of propagation, occupied by a complete wave or undulation, as of light, sound, etc.; the distance from a point or phase in a wave to the nearest point at which the same phase occurs.

{Wave line} (Shipbuilding), a line of a vessel's hull, shaped in accordance with the wave-line system.

{Wave-line system}, {Wave-line theory} (Shipbuilding), a system or theory of designing the lines of a vessel, which takes into consideration the length and shape of a wave which travels at a certain speed.

{Wave loaf}, a loaf for a wave offering. --Lev. viii. 27.

{Wave moth} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of small geometrid moths belonging to {Acidalia} and allied genera; -- so called from the wavelike color markings on the wings.

{Wave offering}, an offering made in the Jewish services by waving the object, as a loaf of bread, toward the four cardinal points. --Num. xviii. 11.

{Wave of vibration} (Physics), a wave which consists in, or is occasioned by, the production and transmission of a vibratory state from particle to particle through a body.

{Wave surface}. (a) (Physics) A surface of simultaneous and equal displacement of the particles composing a wave of vibration. (b) (Geom.) A mathematical surface of the fourth order which, upon certain hypotheses, is the locus of a wave surface of light in the interior of crystals. It is used in explaining the phenomena of double refraction. See under {Refraction}.

{Wave theory}. (Physics) See {Undulatory theory}, under {Undulatory}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • wave theory — n a theory in physics: light is transmitted from luminous bodies to the eye and other objects by an undulatory movement called also undulatory theory * * * the theory that light, heat, and electricity are transmitted through space in the form of… …   Medical dictionary

  • wave theory — noun (physics) the theory that light is transmitted as waves • Syn: ↑undulatory theory, ↑wave theory of light • Ant: ↑corpuscular theory of light (for: ↑wave theory of light), ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Wave theory — Undulatory Un du*la*to*ry (?; 277), a. [Cf. F. ondulatoire.] Moving in the manner of undulations, or waves; resembling the motion of waves, which successively rise or swell rise or swell and fall; pertaining to a propagated alternating motion,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wave theory — bangų teorija statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. wave theory vok. Undulationstheorie, f; Wellenlehre, f; Wellentheorie, f rus. теория волн, f pranc. théorie des ondes, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • wave theory — 1. Also called undulatory theory. Physics. the theory that light is transmitted as a wave, similar to oscillations in magnetic and electric fields. Cf. corpuscular theory. 2. Historical Ling. a theory that accounts for shared features among… …   Universalium

  • wave theory — noun Physics, historical the theory that light is propagated by a wave motion imparted to the ether by the molecular vibrations of the radiant body …   English new terms dictionary

  • wave theory — noun Date: 1833 a theory in physics: light is transmitted from luminous bodies to the eye and other objects by an undulatory movement called also undulatory theory …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • wave theory — /ˈweɪv θɪəri/ (say wayv thearree) noun the theory, proposed by Christiaan Huygens, 1629–95, Dutch physicist, that light travels in waves …   Australian English dictionary

  • wave theory —    Radiation can be thought of as consisting of waves moving through space which transfer energy between non connecting systems. The sun gives off light and heat and causes sunburn. Each of these effects is caused by electromagnetic radiation of… …   Forensic science glossary

  • wave theory of light — noun (physics) the theory that light is transmitted as waves • Syn: ↑wave theory, ↑undulatory theory • Ant: ↑corpuscular theory of light, ↑corpuscular theory (for: ↑wave theo …   Useful english dictionary

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