Act of settlement

Act of settlement
Settlement Set"tle*ment, n. 1. The act of setting, or the state of being settled. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) Establishment in life, in business, condition, etc.; ordination or installation as pastor. [1913 Webster]

Every man living has a design in his head upon wealth power, or settlement in the world. --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster] (b) The act of peopling, or state of being peopled; act of planting, as a colony; colonization; occupation by settlers; as, the settlement of a new country. [1913 Webster] (c) The act or process of adjusting or determining; composure of doubts or differences; pacification; liquidation of accounts; arrangement; adjustment; as, settlement of a controversy, of accounts, etc. [1913 Webster] (d) Bestowal, or giving possession, under legal sanction; the act of giving or conferring anything in a formal and permanent manner. [1913 Webster]

My flocks, my fields, my woods, my pastures take, With settlement as good as law can make. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] (e) (Law) A disposition of property for the benefit of some person or persons, usually through the medium of trustees, and for the benefit of a wife, children, or other relatives; jointure granted to a wife, or the act of granting it. [1913 Webster]

2. That which settles, or is settled, established, or fixed. Specifically: [1913 Webster] (a) Matter that subsides; settlings; sediment; lees; dregs. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

Fuller's earth left a thick settlement. --Mortimer. [1913 Webster] (b) A colony newly established; a place or region newly settled; as, settlement in the West. [1913 Webster] (c) That which is bestowed formally and permanently; the sum secured to a person; especially, a jointure made to a woman at her marriage; also, in the United States, a sum of money or other property formerly granted to a pastor in additional to his salary. [1913 Webster]

3. (Arch.) (a) The gradual sinking of a building, whether by the yielding of the ground under the foundation, or by the compression of the joints or the material. (b) pl. Fractures or dislocations caused by settlement. [1913 Webster]

4. (Law) A settled place of abode; residence; a right growing out of residence; legal residence or establishment of a person in a particular parish or town, which entitles him to maintenance if a pauper, and subjects the parish or town to his support. --Blackstone. Bouvier. [1913 Webster]

{Act of settlement} (Eng. Hist.), the statute of 12 and 13 William III, by which the crown was limited to the present reigning house (the house of Hanover). --Blackstone. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Act of settlement — may refer to: *Statute of Legal Settlement 1547, legislation regarding the settlement of the poor *Act for the Settlement of Ireland 1652, in response to the Irish Rebellion of 1641 *Act of Settlement 1657, ratifying previous decrees from the Act …   Wikipedia

  • Act of Settlement — Mit dem Act of Settlement (dt. Grundordnung) schuf das englische Parlament 1701 die neue Grundlage der protestantischen Thronfolge im Königreich England. Als Thronfolgeregelung ist der Act of Settlement bis heute im Vereinigten Königreich gültig …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Settlement —   [ ækt əv setlmənt], englisch Gesetz von 1701, das die protestantische Thronfolge regelte und dadurch die Anwartschaft des Hauses Hannover (seit 1714) begründete. Es enthielt außerdem weitere konstitutionelle Grundrechte als Ergänzung der Bill… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Act of Settlement — Acte d établissement L’Acte d’Établissement, (en anglais Act of Settlement), est une loi anglaise promulguée par le Parlement de Westminster en 1701, qui garantissait la succession de la couronne d Angleterre aux membres de la famille protestante …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Act of Settlement — (in Britain) an Act of Parliament in 1701, saying that the children of James I’s granddaughter Sophia would be the future kings and queens. The government made this law because the king at that time, William III, had no children, and they wanted… …   Universalium

  • act of settlement — The English statute (12 & 13 Wm. Ill, c. 2) limiting the crown to the Princess Sophia of Hanover, and to the heirs of her body being Protestants. 1 Bl.Comm. 128. One clause of it made the tenure of judges office for life or good behavior… …   Black's law dictionary

  • act of settlement — The English statute (12 & 13 Wm. Ill, c. 2) limiting the crown to the Princess Sophia of Hanover, and to the heirs of her body being Protestants. 1 Bl.Comm. 128. One clause of it made the tenure of judges office for life or good behavior… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Act of Settlement — The English statute 12 and 13 Wm. HL, c. 2, whereby the crown was limited to his present majesty s illustrious house: and some new provisions were added, at the same fortunate era, for better securing our religion, laws, and liberties; which the… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Act of Settlement (Irish) — • 1662 act passed by the Irish Parliament to bring in Protestant settlers in Munster, Leinster, and Ulster Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Act of Settlement (Irish)     Act of Settlement (Irish) …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Act of Settlement 1701 — The Act of Settlement is an act of the Parliament of England, originally filed in 1700, and passed in 1701, to settle the succession to the English throne on the Electress Sophia of Hanoverndash a granddaughter of James Indash and her Protestant… …   Wikipedia

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