Zinc oxide


Zinc oxide
Zinc inc (z[i^][ng]k), n. [G. zink, probably akin to zinn tin: cf. F. zinc, from the German. Cf. {Tin}.] (Chem.) An abundant element of the magnesium-cadmium group, extracted principally from the minerals zinc blende, smithsonite, calamine, and franklinite, as an easily fusible bluish white metal, which is malleable, especially when heated. It is not easily oxidized in moist air, and hence is used for sheeting, coating galvanized iron, etc. It is used in making brass, britannia, and other alloys, and is also largely consumed in electric batteries. Symbol Zn. Atomic number 30. Atomic weight 65.38. [Formerly written also {zink}.] [1913 Webster]

{Butter of zinc} (Old Chem.), zinc chloride, {ZnCl2}, a deliquescent white waxy or oily substance.

{Oxide of zinc}. (Chem.) See {Zinc oxide}, below.

{Zinc amine} (Chem.), a white amorphous substance, {Zn(NH2)2}, obtained by the action of ammonia on zinc ethyl; -- called also {zinc amide}.

{Zinc amyle} (Chem.), a colorless, transparent liquid, composed of zinc and amyle, which, when exposed to the atmosphere, emits fumes, and absorbs oxygen with rapidity.

{Zinc blende} [cf. G. zinkblende] (Min.), a native zinc sulphide. See {Blende}, n. (a) .

{Zinc bloom} [cf. G. zinkblumen flowers of zinc, oxide of zinc] (Min.), hydrous carbonate of zinc, usually occurring in white earthy incrustations; -- called also {hydrozincite}.

{Zinc ethyl} (Chem.), a colorless, transparent, poisonous liquid, composed of zinc and ethyl, which takes fire spontaneously on exposure to the atmosphere.

{Zinc green}, a green pigment consisting of zinc and cobalt oxides; -- called also {Rinmann's green}.

{Zinc methyl} (Chem.), a colorless mobile liquid {Zn(CH3)2}, produced by the action of methyl iodide on a zinc sodium alloy. It has a disagreeable odor, and is spontaneously inflammable in the air. It has been of great importance in the synthesis of organic compounds, and is the type of a large series of similar compounds, as zinc ethyl, zinc amyle, etc.

{Zinc oxide} (Chem.), the oxide of zinc, {ZnO}, forming a light fluffy sublimate when zinc is burned; -- called also {flowers of zinc}, {philosopher's wool}, {nihil album}, etc. The impure oxide produced by burning the metal, roasting its ores, or in melting brass, is called also {pompholyx}, and {tutty}.

{Zinc spinel} (Min.), a mineral, related to spinel, consisting essentially of the oxides of zinc and aluminium; gahnite.

{Zinc vitriol} (Chem.), zinc sulphate. See {White vitriol}, under {Vitriol}.

{Zinc white}, a white powder consisting of zinc oxide, used as a pigment. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Zinc oxide — Other names Zinc white Calamine Identifiers …   Wikipedia

  • zinc oxide — n. a white powder, ZnO, used as a pigment and in making rubber articles, cosmetics, ointments, etc …   English World dictionary

  • zinc oxide — noun oxide of zinc; a white powder used as a pigment or in cosmetics or glass or inks and in zinc ointment • Syn: ↑flowers of zinc, ↑philosopher s wool, ↑philosophers wool • Hypernyms: ↑oxide • Substance Holonyms: ↑zinc whi …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zinc oxide — A form of zinc that has antispasmodic qualities. * * * zinc oxide n a white solid ZnO used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic preparations (as ointments and powders) * * * a mild astringent used in various skin conditions, usually mixed with other… …   Medical dictionary

  • zinc oxide — cinko oksidas statusas T sritis chemija formulė ZnO atitikmenys: angl. Chinese white; zinc oxide; zinc white rus. цинка оксид; цинковые белила ryšiai: sinonimas – cinko baltasis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • zinc oxide — zinc′ ox′ide n. chem. a white powder, ZnO, used as a pigment and in cosmetics, dental cement, matches, printing inks, and glass, and in medicine for treatment of skin conditions • Etymology: 1840–50 …   From formal English to slang

  • zinc oxide — Chem., Pharm. a white or yellowish white, amorphous, odorless, water insoluble powder, ZnO, used chiefly as a paint pigment, in cosmetics, dental cements, matches, white printing inks, and opaque glass, and in medicine in the treatment of skin… …   Universalium

  • zinc oxide — noun An amorphous solid, ZnO, white when pure but often pale yellow, used in pigments and cosmetics Syn: calamine, Chinese white, flowers of zinc, philosophers wool, zinc white …   Wiktionary

  • zinc oxide — noun Date: 1849 an infusible white solid ZnO used especially as a pigment, in compounding rubber, and in pharmaceutical and cosmetic preparations (as ointments and sunblocks) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Zinc oxide — Оксид цинка …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии