Constable


Constable
Constable Con"sta*ble (k[o^]n"st[.a]*b'l or k[u^]n"st[.a]*b'l), n. [OE. conestable, constable, a constable (in sense 1), OF. conestable, F. conn['e]table, LL. conestabulus, constabularius, comes stabuli, orig., count of the stable, master of the horse, equerry; comes count (L. companion) + L. stabulum stable. See {Count} a nobleman, and {Stable}.] 1. A high officer in the monarchical establishments of the Middle Ages. [1913 Webster]

Note: The constable of France was the first officer of the crown, and had the chief command of the army. It was also his duty to regulate all matters of chivalry. The office was suppressed in 1627. The constable, or lord high constable, of England, was one of the highest officers of the crown, commander in chief of the forces, and keeper of the peace of the nation. He also had judicial cognizance of many important matters. The office was as early as the Conquest, but has been disused (except on great and solemn occasions), since the attainder of Stafford, duke of Buckingham, in the reign of Henry VIII. [1913 Webster]

2. (Law) An officer of the peace having power as a conservator of the public peace, and bound to execute the warrants of judicial officers. --Bouvier. [1913 Webster]

Note: In England, at the present time, the constable is a conservator of the peace within his district, and is also charged by various statutes with other duties, such as serving summons, precepts, warrants, etc. In the United States, constables are town or city officers of the peace, with powers similar to those of the constables of England. In addition to their duties as conservators of the peace, they are invested with others by statute, such as to execute civil as well as criminal process in certain cases, to attend courts, keep juries, etc. In some cities, there are officers called {high constables}, who act as chiefs of the constabulary or police force. In other cities the title of constable, as well as the office, is merged in that of the police officer. [1913 Webster]

{High constable}, a constable having certain duties and powers within a hundred. [Eng.]

{Petty constable}, a conservator of the peace within a parish or tithing; a tithingman. [Eng.]

{Special constable}, a person appointed to act as constable of special occasions.

{To} {overrun the constable}, or {outrun the constable}, to spend more than one's income; to get into debt. [Colloq.] --Smollett. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CONSTABLE (J.) — Peintre des vallées fraîches et fertiles du Suffolk, des ciels chargés de la Manche et de quelques monuments vénérables comme la cathédrale de Salisbury, Constable donne à voir une Angleterre paisible et apparemment somnolente. Profondément… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • constable — [ kɔ̃stabl ] n. m. • 1765; mot angl., de l a. fr. conestable → connétable ♦ Dans les pays anglo saxons, Officier de police; sergent de ville. ● constable nom masculin (anglais constable, de l ancien français conestable, connétable) En Grande… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • constable — con·sta·ble / kän stə bəl, kən / n [Old French conestable military commander, chief of the royal household, from Late Latin comes stabuli, literally, officer of the stable]: a public officer usu. of a town or township responsible for keeping the… …   Law dictionary

  • Constable — steht für: Konstabler, einen Titel Constable ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Emma Constable (* 1975), englische Badmintonspielerin John Constable (1776–1837), englischer Maler Mark Constable (* 1976), englischer Badmintonspieler Henry… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • constable — (del lat. «constabĭlis»; ant.) adj. Constante. * * * constable. (Del lat. constabĭlis). adj. ant. Que tiene constancia1 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • constable — c.1200, chief household officer, justice of the peace, from O.Fr. conestable (12c., Mod.Fr. connétable), steward, governor, principal officer of the Frankish king s household, from L.L. comes stabuli, lit. count of the stable (established by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Constable — (spr. Konstäbl), Buchhändler in Edinburg, einer der größten in Großbritannien, Verleger W. Scotts u. vieler anderer ausgezeichneter Schriftsteller, zog durch seinen Fall 1826 (2,800,000 Thlr. Masse) den W. Scotts nach sich; st. einige Jahre… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Constable [1] — Constable (engl., spr. kónnstēbl, ursprünglich verwandt mit dem franz. connétable), Name öffentlicher Sicherheitsbeamten in England. Der Lord High C., einer der obersten Kron und Reichsbeamten des alten England, war dem Connetable von Frankreich… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Constable [2] — Constable (spr. kónnstĕbl), John, engl. Maler, geb. 11. Juni 1776 zu East Bergholt in Suffolk, gest. 30. Mai 1837 in London, trat 1800 als Schüler in die Londoner Akademie ein, wo er besonders den Unterricht von Reinagle genoß. Seit 1820 lebte er …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Constable — (engl., spr. kónnstäbbl), Polizist, ursprünglich eine vom franz. Konnetabel (s.d.) entlehnte Benennung hoher Beamten in England. Der Lord High C. hatte den Vorsitz bei Angelegenheiten der Ritterschaft; seine Würde erlosch 1521 unter Heinrich VIII …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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