Gentile


Gentile
Gentile Gen"tile (j[e^]n"t[imac]l), n. [L. gentilis belonging to the same clan, stock, race, people, or nation; in opposition to {Roman}, a foreigner; in opposition to {Jew} or {Christian}, a heathen: cf. F. gentil. See {Gentle}, a.] 1. One neither a Jew nor a Christian; a worshiper of false gods; a heathen. [1913 Webster]

2. A person who is not Jewish; -- used in this sense by Jews.

Syn: goy[male], shiksa[female]. [PJC]

Note: The Hebrews included in the term g[=o]yim, or nations, all the tribes of men who had not received the true faith, and were not circumcised. The Christians translated g[=o]yim by the L. gentes, and imitated the Jews in giving the name gentiles to all nations who were neither Jews nor Christians. In civil affairs, the denomination was given to all nations who were not Romans. As used by Mormons, the term gentile designates any person who is not a Mormon.

Syn: Pagan; heathen. See {Pagan}. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GENTILE — GENTILE, non Jew. It was only during the later Second Temple period that a sharp distinction and a barrier of separation was erected between the Jew and the gentile. The prohibition of marriage, which in the Bible was limited to the seven… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Gentile — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Bartolomeo di Gentile ( 1465– 1534), italienischer Maler Claudio Gentile (* 1953), italienischer Fußballspieler und trainer Emilio Gentile (* 1946), italienischer Historiker und Faschismusforscher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GENTILE (G.) — GENTILE GIOVANNI (1875 1944) Ancien élève de l’École normale supérieure de Pise, Gentile enseigne dès 1903 la philosophie aux universités de Naples, de Palerme et de Rome. Il est, après Benedetto Croce, le représentant le plus éminent de la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gentilé — [ ʒɑ̃tile ] n. m. • 1752; lat. gentile nomen « nom de gens », de gens, gentis « race, famille » ♦ Didact. Dénomination des habitants d un lieu, relativement à ce lieu. ● gentilé nom masculin (latin gentile nomen, nom de famille) Ethnonyme.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • gentile (1) — {{hw}}{{gentile (1)}{{/hw}}agg. 1 Che ha maniere garbate e affabili nei rapporti con gli altri: una persona gentile con tutti | Che mostra garbo e cortesia: invito, pensiero –g; SIN. Affabile, cortese, delicato, garbato. 2 Dotato di aspetto… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • Gentile — Gentile, Giovanni * * * (as used in expressions) Gentile da Fabriano Gentile di Niccolò di Massio Gentile, Giovanni …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • gentile — [jen′tīl΄] n. [< Fr & L; Fr gentil < L gentilis, of the same gens, clan, or race, also, foreigner (in opposition to Roman), in LL(Ec), pagan, heathen (in opposition to Jew and Christian): see GENTLE] [also G ] 1. any person not a Jew; often …   English World dictionary

  • Gentile — Gen tile, a. 1. Belonging to the nations at large, as distinguished from the Jews; ethnic; of pagan or heathen people. [1913 Webster] 2. (Gram.) Denoting a race or country; as, a gentile noun or adjective. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gentile —   [dʒɛn ], Giovanni, italienischer Philosoph und Politiker, * Castelvetrano 30. 5. 1875, ✝ (durch antifaschistische Partisanen ermordet) Florenz 15. 4. 1944; war Professor in Palermo, Pisa und Rom (ab 1917), 1922 24 Unterrichtsminister im… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gentile — Gentile, 1) Maler, s. Fabriano; 2) mehrere Dogen von Genua im 16., 17. u. 18. Jahrh., s. Genua (Gesch.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon