Absolution Ab`so*lu"tion, n. [F. absolution, L. absolutio, fr. absolvere to absolve. See {Absolve}.] 1. An absolving, or setting free from guilt, sin, or penalty; forgiveness of an offense. ``Government . . . granting absolution to the nation.'' --Froude. [1913 Webster]

2. (Civil Law) An acquittal, or sentence of a judge declaring and accused person innocent. [Obs.] [1913 Webster]

3. (R. C. Ch.) The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the sacrament of penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of the truly penitent are forgiven. [1913 Webster]

Note: In the English and other Protestant churches, this act regarded as simply declaratory, not as imparting forgiveness. [1913 Webster]

4. (Eccl.) An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, -- for example, excommunication. --P. Cyc. [1913 Webster]

5. The form of words by which a penitent is absolved. --Shipley. [1913 Webster]

6. Delivery, in speech. [Obs.] --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster]

{Absolution day} (R. C. Ch.), Tuesday before Easter. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.