Purple Pur"ple, n.; pl. {Purples}. [OE. purpre, pourpre, OF. purpre, porpre, pourpre, F. pourpre, L. purpura purple fish, purple dye, fr. Gr. ? the purple fish, a shell from the purple dye was obtained, purple dye; cf. ? dark (said of the sea), purple, ? to grow dark (said of the sea), to be troubled; perh. akin to L. furere to rage, E. fury: cf. AS. purpure. Cf. {Porphyry}, {Purpure}.] 1. A color formed by, or resembling that formed by, a combination of the primary colors red and blue. [1913 Webster]

Arraying with reflected purple and gold The clouds that on his western throne attend. -- Milton. [1913 Webster]

Note: The ancient words which are translated purple are supposed to have been used for the color we call crimson. In the gradations of color as defined in art, purple is a mixture of red and blue. When red predominates it is called violet, and when blue predominates, hyacinth. [1913 Webster]

2. Cloth dyed a purple color, or a garment of such color; especially, a purple robe, worn as an emblem of rank or authority; specifically, the purple rode or mantle worn by Roman emperors as the emblem of imperial dignity; as, to put on the imperial purple. [1913 Webster]

Thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and purple, and scarlet. --Ex. xxvi. 1. [1913 Webster]

3. Hence: Imperial sovereignty; royal rank, dignity, or favor; loosely and colloquially, any exalted station; great wealth. ``He was born in the purple.'' --Gibbon. [1913 Webster]

4. A cardinalate. See {Cardinal}. [1913 Webster]

5. (Zo["o]l.) Any species of large butterflies, usually marked with purple or blue, of the genus {Basilarchia} (formerly {Limenitis}) as, the banded purple ({Basilarchia arthemis}). See Illust. under {Ursula}. [1913 Webster]

6. (Zo["o]l.) Any shell of the genus {Purpura}. [1913 Webster]

7. pl.(Med.) See {Purpura}. [1913 Webster]

8. pl. A disease of wheat. Same as {Earcockle}. [1913 Webster]

Note: Purple is sometimes used in composition, esp. with participles forming words of obvious signification; as, purple-colored, purple-hued, purple-stained, purple-tinged, purple-tinted, and the like. [1913 Webster]

{French purple}. (Chem.) Same as {Cudbear}.

{Purple of Cassius}. See {Cassius}.

{Purple of mollusca} (Zo["o]l.), a coloring matter derived from certain mollusks, which dyes wool, etc., of a purple or crimson color, and is supposed to be the substance of the famous Tyrian dye. It is obtained from Ianthina, and from several species of Purpura, and Murex.

{To be born in the purple}, to be of princely birth; to be highborn. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • purples — noun a) (shades of the colour) b) swine fever or hog cholera See Also: long purples …   Wiktionary

  • purples — pur·ple || pÉœrpl / pɜː n. color purple, color made by combining red and blue adj. having a purple coloring, bluish red …   English contemporary dictionary

  • purples — plural of purple present third singular of purple …   Useful english dictionary

  • South California Purples — Infobox Single Name = South California Purples Artist = Chicago from Album = The Chicago Transit Authority Recorded = January 1969 Genre = Blues rock, hard rock Length = 6:11 Label = Columbia Records Writer = Robert Lamm Producer = James William… …   Wikipedia

  • long purples — noun the plant purple loosestrife There with fantastic garlands did she come / Of crowflowers, nettles, daisies, and long purples, / That liberal shepherds give a grosser name, / But our cold maids do dead mens fingers call them …   Wiktionary

  • long purples — noun plural : male orchis with fantastic garlands did she come of crow flowers, nettles, daisies, and long purples Shakespeare …   Useful english dictionary

  • long-purples — longˈ purˈples noun 1. The early purple orchis 2. Purple loosestrife • • • Main Entry: ↑long …   Useful english dictionary

  • Madison High School (Richmond, Kentucky) — Infobox School name = Richmond Madison High School imagesize = 280px established = 1920 closed = 1989 type = Public city = Richmond state = KY country = USA colors = Purple and White nickname = Royal Purples song = Washington and Lee SwingMadison …   Wikipedia

  • Natural dye — Skeins of wool colored with natural plant dyes. Natural dyes are dyes or colorants derived from plants, invertebrates, or minerals. The majority of natural dyes are vegetable dyes from plant sources – roots, berries, bark, leaves, and …   Wikipedia

  • Purple — This article is about the color. For other uses, see Purple (disambiguation). Purple …   Wikipedia