Sandalwood San"dal*wood, n. [F. sandal, santal, fr. Ar. [,c]andal, or Gr. sa`ntalon; both ultimately fr. Skr. candana. Cf. {Sanders}.] (Bot.) (a) The highly perfumed yellowish heartwood of an East Indian and Polynesian tree ({Santalum album}), and of several other trees of the same genus, as the Hawaiian {Santalum Freycinetianum} and {S. pyrularium}, the Australian {S. latifolium}, etc. The name is extended to several other kinds of fragrant wood. (b) Any tree of the genus {Santalum}, or a tree which yields sandalwood. (c) The red wood of a kind of buckthorn, used in Russia for dyeing leather ({Rhamnus Dahuricus}). [1913 Webster]

{False sandalwood}, the fragrant wood of several trees not of the genus {Santalum}, as {Ximenia Americana}, {Myoporum tenuifolium} of Tahiti.

{Red sandalwood}, a heavy, dark red dyewood, being the heartwood of two leguminous trees of India ({Pterocarpus santalinus}, and {Adenanthera pavonina}); -- called also {red sanderswood}, {sanders} or {saunders}, and {rubywood}. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sandalwood — [san′dəlwood΄] n. [sandal, sandalwood < ME sandell < MFr sandal < ML sandalum < LGr santalon < Ar ṣandal, ult. < Sans candana < IE base * kand , to gleam, bright > L candere, to shine] 1. a) the hard, light colored,… …   English World dictionary

  • Sandalwood — (litt. « bois de santal » en anglais) est l appellation populaire du cinéma indien issu de l Etat du Karnataka (situé en Inde du sud). Ce terme reprend le modèle linguistique de Bollywood, mais désigne ici le cinéma en langue kannada,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sandalwood — 1510s, earlier sandell (c.1400), saundres (early 14c.), from O.Fr. sandale, from M.L. sandalum, from Late Gk. santalon, ultimately from Skt. candana m the sandalwood tree, perhaps lit. wood for burning incense, related to candrah shining, glowing …   Etymology dictionary

  • Sandalwood — (spr. Sandelwud), Insel im Fidschi Archipel, so v.w. Vanualevu …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • sandalwood — ► NOUN ▪ the fragrant wood of an Indian or SE Asian tree. ORIGIN sandal from Latin sandalum, from Sanskrit …   English terms dictionary

  • Sandalwood — [san′dəl wood΄] former name for SUMBA …   English World dictionary

  • Sandalwood — For other uses, see Sandalwood (disambiguation). Santalum paniculatum (ʻiliahi), Hawaiʻi Sandalwood is the name of a class of fragrant woods from trees in the genus Santalum. The woods are heavy, yellow, and fine grained, and unlike many other… …   Wikipedia

  • sandalwood — /san dl wood /, n. 1. the fragrant heartwood of any of certain Asian trees of the genus Santalum, used for ornamental carving and burned as incense. 2. any of these trees, esp. S. album (white sandalwood), an evergreen of India, having ovate… …   Universalium

  • sandalwood — noun Etymology: sandal sandalwood (from Middle English, from Anglo French sandali, from Medieval Latin sandalum, from Late Greek santalon, ultimately from Sanskrit candana, of Dravidian origin; akin to Tamil cāntu sandalwood tree) + 2wood Date:… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sandalwood — baltasis santalas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Santalinių šeimos medieninis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Santalum album), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje ir Australijoje. Naudojamas maisto priedams (kvėpikliams) gaminti, iš jo gaunamas… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)