Chauvinism Chau"vin*ism, n. [F. chauvinisme, from Nicolas Chauvin, a character represented as making grotesque and threatening displays of his attachment to his fallen chief, Napoleon I., in 1815 (in the play La Cocarde tricolor, 1831).] 1. Blind and absurd devotion to a fallen leader or an obsolete cause; hence, absurdly vainglorious or exaggerated patriotism. [1913 Webster]

2. exaggerated and unreasoning partisanship to any group or cause; -- as, male chauvinism, i.e. belief in the superiority of males. [PJC] -- {Chau"vin*ist}, n. & adj. -- {Chau`vin*is"tic}, a. [1913 Webster]

Note: To have a generous belief in the greatness of one's country is not chauvinism. It is the character of the latter quality to be wildly extravagant, to be fretful and childish and silly, to resent a doubt as an insult, and to offend by its very frankness. --Prof. H. Tuttle. [1913 Webster]

The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chauvinist — Chauvinist,der:1.⇨Macho–2.⇨Nationalist …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • chauvinist — (n.) 1877, from Fr. chauviniste, from Chauvin (see CHAUVINISM (Cf. chauvinism)). Related: Chauvinistic …   Etymology dictionary

  • chauvinist — ► NOUN ▪ a person displaying excessive or prejudiced support for their own country, cause, group, or sex. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to such excessive or prejudiced support. DERIVATIVES chauvinistic adjective …   English terms dictionary

  • chauvinist — chau|vin|ist [ˈʃəuvınıst US ˈʃou ] n 1.) someone, especially a man, who believes that their own sex is better or more important than the other sex ▪ He s a bit of a male chauvinist . ▪ a male chauvinist pig (=an insulting name for a male… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • chauvinist — noun (C) 1 someone, especially a man, who believes that their own sex is better and more important than the other sex: male chauvinist (pig): My boss is a male chauvinist who thinks no woman could do his job. 2 someone who believes that their own …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English

  • chauvinist — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) n. nationalist, patriot; jingo, warmonger; macho, [male] chauvinist pig (both sl.). See warfare, boasting. II (Roget s IV) n. Syn. jingo, jingoist, superpatriot, sexist; see bigot , patriot . III (Roget… …   English dictionary for students

  • Chauvinist —    , CHAUVINISM    Chauvinist and chauvinism were derived from the name of an overzealous French patriot named Nicolas Chauvin, of Rochefort. Chauvin, a veteran trooper in La Grande Armee, was wounded seventeen times while serving the First… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • chauvinist — UK [ˈʃəʊvənɪst] / US [ˈʃoʊvɪnɪst] noun [countable] Word forms chauvinist : singular chauvinist plural chauvinists someone who believes that their own country, race, sex, or group is better than any other. This word is used especially about men… …   English dictionary

  • Chauvinist — der Chauvinist, en (Oberstufe) jmd., der an die Überlegenheit der eigenen Nation gegenüber anderen glaubt und übertrieben patriotisch auftritt Beispiel: Er ist ein ausgesprochener Chauvinist, der von Frauen in Managementpositionen absolut nichts… …   Extremes Deutsch

  • chauvinist — 1. adjective Pertaining to chauvinism. 2. noun A chauvinist person …   Wiktionary

  • chauvinist — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ male PHRASES ▪ a male chauvinist pig …   Collocations dictionary