Chlorine


Chlorine
Chlorine Chlo"rine, n. [Gr. ? pale green, greenish yellow. So named from its color. See {Yellow}.] (Chem.) One of the elementary substances, commonly isolated as a greenish yellow gas, two and one half times as heavy as air, of an intensely disagreeable suffocating odor, and exceedingly poisonous. It is abundant in nature, the most important compound being common salt (Sodium chloride). It is powerful oxidizing, bleaching, and disinfecting agent. Symbol Cl. Atomic weight, 35.4. [1913 Webster]

{Chlorine family}, the elements fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine, called the {halogens}, and classed together from their common peculiarities. [1913 Webster]


The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. 2000.

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  • Chlorine-37 — Full table General Name, symbol Chlorine 37,37Cl Neutrons 20 Protons 17 …   Wikipedia

  • Chlorine-36 — Full table General Name, symbol Chlorine 36,36Cl Neutrons 19 Protons 17 …   Wikipedia

  • Chlorine — (Chem.), so v. w. Chlor …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chlorīne — Chlorīne, veralteter Name des Chlors; s. auch Resorcin …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • chlorine — Symbol: Cl Atomic number: 17 Atomic weight: 35.453 Halogen element. Poisonous greenish yellow gas. Occurs widely in nature as sodium chloride in seawater. Reacts directly with many elements and compounds, strong oxidizing agent. Discovered by… …   Elements of periodic system

  • chlorine — nonmetallic element, coined 1810 by English chemist Sir Humphry Davy (1778 1829) from Gk. khloros pale green (see CHLOE (Cf. Chloe)) + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2). Named for its color. Discovered 1774, but known at first as oxymuriatic acid …   Etymology dictionary

  • chlorine — ► NOUN ▪ a poisonous, irritant, pale green gaseous chemical element. ORIGIN from Greek khl ros green …   English terms dictionary

  • chlorine — [klôr′ēn΄, klôr′in] n. [< Gr chlōros, pale green (< IE * ghlō , var. of base * ghel : see YELLOW) + INE3: so named (1810) by DAVY Sir Humphry, who proved it to be an element, for its color] a greenish yellow, poisonous, gaseous chemical… …   English World dictionary

  • Chlorine — This article is about the chemical element. For the bleach, see Sodium hypochlorite. For the upcoming film, see Chlorine (film). sulfur ← chlorine → argon F ↑ Cl ↓ Br …   Wikipedia

  • chlorine — chlorinous, adj. /klawr een, in, klohr /, n. a halogen element, a heavy, greenish yellow, incombustible, water soluble, poisonous gas that is highly irritating to the respiratory organs, obtained chiefly by electrolysis of sodium chloride brine:… …   Universalium